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サーフィン初心者必見! 必要な道具・あったほうがいいアイテム

Must-see for beginners in surfing! Necessary tools / items that should be available

Surfing seems to be casually surfing with one board, and there are surprisingly many items.

At first, you don't know how much you will be absorbed in it, so it is recommended that you wisely and gradually arrange the items. Here, we will divide into items that you can start surfing with just this and items that you should have, and introduce in detail based on the role and tips of each item.

table of contents

1. 5 essential items

 1.1. Surfboard
 1.2. Fins
 1.3. Leash
 1.4. Wax

 1.5. Wetsuits and rash guards

2. 8 items you should have

 2.1. Board case
 2.2. Sunscreen
 2.3. Surf poncho
 2.4. Wet bucket
 2.5. Polytank Portable Shower
 2.6. Board stand
 2.7. Wave information app
 2.8. Wax scraper / remover



1. 5 essential items

1.1. Surfboard

I think the first thing people who want to start surfing from now on is choosing a surfboard. Choosing the right surfboard for you is very important. By choosing the one that suits your physique, level, and style you are aiming for, you can expect smoother progress.

Do you want to enjoy the dynamic technique on the shortboard or the classic style longboard to enjoy the sensation of relaxing on the waves? Each board has its own unique riding style, and I think this is the first place to get lost.

If you are a beginner, we recommend a board that is longer than mid-length, except for those who are very confident in their physical strength or who are willing to ride a short board.At first, it is a longboard with buoyancy that is easily affected by the power of the waves, and the key to continuation and improvement is to feel the feeling of riding the waves and to experience the fun.

Considering the cost and safety, we also recommend the soft board that is popular now.

Here's a little more detail, let's take a look at the shortboards, longboards, mid-length (fanboards) in between, these three types of boards that are now mainstream and the characteristics of their riding styles.

  • Short board (board length is about 6ft / 182cm or less)

It is light, has high operability, and responds quickly to board operations, so it is easy to operate the board near the top or bottom of the wave, so it is possible to decide on a flashy technique such as spraying water.

It is also the most active competition and is characterized by a large competition population.

Many beginners and longboarders will want to try the shortboard, but at first, there are problems such as the foot not coming out at the time of takeoff and the paddling is not stable. To get used to the less stable short board, we recommend practicing with a short soft board that is more buoyant than a hard board.


  • Longboard (board length is about 9ft / 274cm or more)

A classic type of board that is relatively buoyant and stable due to its length and width, and is easy to paddle. Therefore, it is easy to get the board speed and take off, so you can enjoy surfing even with a small swell.

Due to the large buoyancy, the weight is relatively heavy, and the operability at the bottom and top of waves such as shortboards is low. Therefore, a technique peculiar to a longboard that moves a large board by walking or stepping back on the board is required.


  • Mid-length (board length is approximately 6ft / 182cm-9ft / 270cm)

It is an intermediate type between short board and long board. There are various types of shapes, such as those with a round nose like longboards, and those with sharp noses like many shortboards.

Characteristically, it is close to a longboard, and while having the stability of a longboard and the convenience of not choosing the wave condition, it should be considered that it is a little compact in terms of size and weight.It is also ideal for beginners who are wondering whether it is short or long, and the short border may have it as a second board.

As mentioned above, the types are classified based on the length of the board as an approximate standard, but there is no strict regulation. In terms of ride comfort, I think it is the magnitude of buoyancy that is characteristically divided.


1.2. Fins

Once the shape of the board is decided, the next thing to think about is the fins.Depending on the number of fins, the characteristics of the board such as straightness and rotation, how to bite the waves, stability and turn angle will change, so you must choose the one that suits your surfing style.

Although,For beginners, takeoff is barely possible and you don't know which fins are right for you, so it might be a good idea to choose a surfboard that comes with fins that fit your board. Fins are rare on hardboards, but softboards should basically come with fins.

Here is a brief description of the number of fins and board characteristics.

  • Single fin

With a large size single fin setting, stability and straightness at high speeds are high, and the turn angle is large. It is usually used on longboards and is not often used on shortboards.


  • Twin fins

It is a setting of two large fins that do not have a center fin and are located near the rails on both the left and right sides.The reaction to the movement of the center of gravity is fast, and it is easy to make a quick turn with a small turning radius. On the other hand, it lacks stability at high speeds, making it difficult to attack perpendicular to the waves. Suitable for quick operation while moving the board violently on small waves.


  • Trifin

There are 3 fin settings in total, including 1 center fin and side fins near the rails on both the left and right sides. The operability of the tri-fin is inferior to that of the twin fin because it has a good bite to the waves. However, it provides well-balanced board characteristics that simultaneously satisfy the conflicting factors of stability at high speeds and responsiveness when making turns. It is possible to attack both horizontally and vertically even when attacking the waves. It can be widely used for wave size and condition, and it can be said to be the most popular fin setting because it meets the needs of beginners to advanced users.


  • Quad

There are 4 fin settings, including large side fins near the left and right rails and smaller fins at symmetrical positions behind them. It has the characteristics of tri-fin and twin-fin, and can obtain straightness and rotation at a high level.Furthermore, the characteristics of the board may change depending on the shape of the fins and the hardness of the material.  



1.3. Leash

After choosing a board, prepare a leash cord that connects you to the board. It is an important item that connects the surfboard and the feet of surfers. The waves can cause the board to move away from the surfer's body. Not only is it hard to chase a board that has been far away, but a board that has lost control is in another surfer or in the ocean.Be sure to wear it as it may hurt people.

It is generally said that the optimum length is about the same as or slightly longer than the length of the board. If it is too short, the board may bounce off you and injure you, and if it is too long, it will be difficult to catch the separated board and it may hurt the people around you. Make sure to choose the one with the length.

When you get out of the sea, be sure to wash off the salt water and dry it well to protect it from deterioration such as rust and corrosion. Think of the leash cord as a consumable item, unlike a board. I think that the standard for replacement is about one year, and if deterioration or damage due to aging is confirmed before that, replace it with a new one to ensure the safety of yourself and the people around you. I think it is desirable to keep in mind.


1.4. Wax

Wax is indispensable for handling boards in the sea. Not only when riding, but also when getting hungry at getting out, when taking off, when waiting for waves,It is an item necessary to prevent your hands and feet from slipping.

It is standard to use two types of wax, base wax and top wax. First, apply the base wax, which is hard and has the role of making it easier to apply the top wax, and then apply the top wax (which is suitable for the season and water temperature).

There is no rule about wax, and once you get used to it, you should adjust it to your favorite wax application method.

As a handling precaution, since wax is sensitive to heat, it may melt and deform in the summer or when the place is exposed to direct sunlight, so put it in a case and put it in a cool place in the shade especially in the hot season. It is necessary to keep in mind to put it in. 

Also, if the soft board has a special surface treatment, wax may not be needed.


1.5. Wetsuits and rash guards

Wetsuits for surfing are available in different types depending on the season, such as seawater temperature and temperature.

Choose the type and material that suits the season and point conditions, such as spring (short sleeve shorts), seagull (short sleeve long pants), full (long sleeve long pants), long spring (long sleeve shorts), semi-dry, and dry suit.

There are many types, but it is not necessary to have all of them, and I think it is better to get the one that can be used for the longest time in a year according to the seawater temperature and temperature of the sea you often go to and the one that is suitable for the time you want to surf. ..

Also, during the summer months, it's a good idea to wear a rash guard or T-shirt to protect your body from sun protection and scratches.

Wetsuits these days are so good that you can surf for a few hours in the middle of winter in Japan, as long as they fit your body.

In addition to winter boots, it is safe to wear leaf boots if the point is rock or coral reefs.


2. Items that should be there

2.1. Board case

It is an item that you want to have in order to protect the board while it is being moved or stored. It can also be used as a rug to prevent scratches on the bottom surface when applying wax.

2.2. Sunscreen

Excessive UV rays from sunburn can cause skin cancer. Try to prevent and care as much as possible.

2.3. Surf poncho

Ideal for when changing into a wetsuit outside. It is convenient to have something with excellent heat retention and hygroscopicity depending on the season.

2.4. Wet bucket

After surfing, it is convenient to wash the salt water and sand on the wet suit with water. You can also put a wet suit, fins, leash, etc. on your way home.

2.5. Polytank Portable Shower

When going to a point where there is no shower, it is common to fill a plastic tank with water and bring it with you. It is recommended to wash with water as soon as possible to prevent stickiness of the body and deterioration of items due to salt water. Some surfers have a portable shower for convenience.

2.6. Board stand

It is convenient to have it when waxing the board or washing it with water. Choose the one that suits your needs, such as one that can be folded and one that can be adjusted in height.

2.7. Wave information app

It is important to know the conditions of waves, winds and tides before going out to sea. With the app, you can easily check the condition of the waves and how crowded it is, which is very convenient for choosing the points that suit your skill.

2.8. Wax scraper / remover

If you want to repaint the wax, remove the one that is currently applied to make it dirty or change to a wax with a hardness that suits the season. First, use a scraper to carefully remove the wax, being careful not to scratch the board, and then use a remover to thoroughly dissolve and remove the wax.



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